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初貝 安弘 ORCID iD icon
筑波大学
筑波大学大学院
数理物質科学研究科
物理学専攻 教授
初貝写真
Yasuhiro-Nov11-2009
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[F]  2013 EMN West Meeting on Topological Insulators,  Houston, USA  Jan 7-10(2013) [ Web ]

Invited: "Symmetry protection in topological phases"
             Yasuhiro Hatsugai
Abstract
One of the characteristic features of topological phases such as topological insulators is absence of the fundamental symmetry breaking which has been a basic concept in the description of conventional order. Still symmetry plays a central role for the topological phases as symmetry protection in several ways. Gapless node structure of anisotropic superconductors is topologically protected, which is a historical example [1,2]. Generically the symmetry governs the gapless phases with massless Dirac fermions in 2D, 3D and more [3,4] where the co-dimenison of the generic degeneracy is crucial. For the gapped phases, the symmetry again controls properties of the topological systems. In addition to the intrinsically quantized quantities such as the Chern numbers, one further has adiabatic invariants by symmetry protected quantization as the Z2 Berry phases and its generalization [4,5,6]. They are used as the topological order parameters. Specifically for the topological insulators, the time reversal symmetry (TR) and the associated Kramers (KR) degeneracy are fundamentally important. Then the natural tool for the description is a quaternion and the quaternionic Berry connections of the KR pair. Topological quantities with/without TR symmetry are described in a parallel way for the Chern numbers and symmetry protected quantized quantities [5]. Also the charge-flux duality of some 3D topological insulator on a frustrated lattice will be discussed [7].
1. E. I. Blount, Phys. Rev. B 32, 2935 (1985).
2. G. E. Volovik, JETP Lett. 66, 522 (1997).
3. M. Creutz, JHEP 04, 017 (2008).
4. Y. Hatsugai, J. Phys. Soc. Japan 75, 123601 (2006).
5. Y. Hatsugai, New J. Phys. 12, 065004 (2010).
6. Y. Hatsugai and I. Maruyama, EPL 95, 20003 (2011).
7. Y. Hatsugai and Y. Avishai, to be published.
前
[P] Seminar at M. Ueda Group, Univ. Tokyo, JAPAN, Jan 24 (2013)
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国際会議、研究会、セミナー
次
[P] Topological states of matter, Aspen, USA Jan 13--18 (2013)

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最新ニュース
投稿者 : hatsugai 投稿日時: 2020-11-03 10:00:50 (972 ヒット)

Thouless' (adiabatic) pump in one-dimension is a typical topological phenomena characterized by the Chern number that correspondes to the quantized motion of the center of mass (COM). Although the COM is only well-defined with boudary (to set the origin of the coordinate), the COM experimentally observed is given by the bulk and the edge states do not contribute. Ultimate adiabaticity, that has never been achieved experimentaly, supports the quantization of the COM supplemented by the periodicity of the system with boundaries. This is the unique bulk-edge correspondence of the pump. We here propose a generic construction using a phase boundary line of the symmetry protect phase with two parameters works as a topological obstruction of the pump in extended parameter space. The construction is purely of manybody and the interaction can be one of the parameters. Have a look at "Interaction-induced topological charge pump" by Yoshihito Kuno and Yasuhiro Hatsugai, Phys. Rev. Research 2, 042024(R), (2020) (Open access)


投稿者 : hatsugai 投稿日時: 2020-10-28 10:28:43 (1280 ヒット)

The Dirac cone is a typical singular energy dispersion in two dimensions that is a source of various non-trivial topological effects. When realized in real/synthetic materials, it is generically tilted and the equi-energy surface (curve) can be elliptic/hyperbolic (type I/II). The type III Dirac cone is a critical situation between the type I and II that potentially causes various non-trivial physics. As for realization of the type III Dirac cones, we are proposing a generic theoretical scheme without any fine tuning of material parameters . It may also help to synthesize in meta materials. The molecular orbital (MO) construction of the generic flat bands which we are also proposing plays a crutial role. Have a look at "Type-III Dirac Cones from Degenerate Directionally Flat Bands: Viewpoint from Molecular-Orbital Representation" by Tomonari Mizoguchi and Yasuhiro Hatsugai, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 89, 103704 (2020) Also arXiv:2007.14643. The paper has been selected as an Editors' choice of J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. (Sep. 2020). See also "News and comments" by Prof. N. Nagaosa.


投稿者 : hatsugai 投稿日時: 2020-10-01 16:07:56 (1253 ヒット)

Motivated by a historical example, the Dirac Hamiltonian as a square-root of the Klein-Gordon Hamiltonian, its lattice analogue has been discussed recently. Zero energy states are shared by the parent and its descendant. The story is more than that. Not necessarily zero energy but its high energy part can also share topological characters. We hereby propose a “square-root higher order topological insulator (square-root HOTI)” when its squared parent is HOTI. Based on the simple observation that square of the decorated honeycomb lattice is given by a decoupled sum of the Kagome and honeycomb lattices, we have demonstrate that the “corner states” of the breezing Kagome lattice with boundaries share topological characters with its descendant as the decorated honeycomb lattice. Have a look at our recent paper just published online, "Square-root higher-order topological insulator on a decorated honeycomb lattice" by Tomonari Mizoguchi, Yoshihito Kuno, and Yasuhiro Hatsugai, Phys. Rev. A 102, 033527 (2020), also arXiv:2004.03235.


投稿者 : hatsugai 投稿日時: 2020-09-17 11:42:01 (1076 ヒット)

As for a topological characterization of a full Liouvillian (including jump term) for the non hermitian fractional quantum Hall states, we are proposing a pseudospin Chern number associated with the Niu-Thouless-Wu type twists in the doubled Hilbert space. Numerical demonstration of the proposal is explicitely given and its validity is discussed. Have a look at "Fate of fractional quantum Hall states in open quantum systems: Characterization of correlated topological states for the full Liouvillian" by Tsuneya Yoshida, Koji Kudo, Hosho Katsura, and Yasuhiro Hatsugai, Phys. Rev. Research 2, 033428 (2020) (open access).


投稿者 : hatsugai 投稿日時: 2020-08-16 14:53:28 (1414 ヒット)

Adiabatic deformation of gapped systems is a conceptual basis of topological phases. It implies that topological invariants of the bulk described by the Berry connection work as topological order parameters of the phase. This is independent of the well-established symmetry breaking scenario of the phase characterization. Adiabatic heuristic argument for the fractional quantum Hall states is one of the oldest such trials that states the "FRACTIONAL" state is deformed to the “INTEGER”. Although it is intuitive and physically quite natural, there exist several difficulties. How the states with different degeneracy are deformed each other adiabatically? We have clarified the questions and demonstrated this adiabatic deformation on a torus in the paper "Adiabatic heuristic principle on a torus and generalized Streda formula" by Koji Kudo and Yasuhiro Hatsugai , Phys. Rev. B 102, 125108 (2020) (also arXiv:2004.00859) What is deformed continuously is a gap not the states ! This is also sufficient for the topological stability of the Chern number (of the degenerate multiplet) as a topological order parameter. Have a look at.


    検索
    バルク・エッジ対応
    [0] バルクとエッジ
    [1] 集中講義
    [2] 原論文と解説
    [3] トポロジカル秩序とベリー接続:日本物理学会誌 「解説」 [JPS-HP] [pdf]
    [4] "Band gap, dangling bond and spin : a physicist's viewpoint" [pdf] [Web]
    トポロジカル相
    [0]昔の科研費
    科研費 1992年度:電子系スピン系におけるトポロジカル効果
    科研費 1994年度:物性論におけるトポロジーと幾何学的位相
    私の講演ファイルのいくつか
    [1] MIT, Boston (2003)
    [2] APS/JPS March Meeting (2004)
    [3] JPS Fall meeting, JAPAN (2004)
    [4] APS/JPS March meeting (2005)
    [5] JPS Fall meeting (2005):Entanglement
    [6] Superclean workshop, Nasu (2006)
    [7] MPIPKS, Dresden (2006)
    [8] KEK, Tsukuba (2007)
    [9] ETH, Zurich (2008)
    [10] ICREA, Sant Benet (2009)
    [11] JPS Meeting, Kumamoto (2009)
    [12]HMF19, Fukuoka (2010)
    [13] NTU, Singapore (2011)
    [14] ICTP, Trieste (2011)
    [15] Villa conf., Orland (2012)
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